40. The novel 1984 was authored by a liberal and objective socialist not long after the Second World War had ended. The book discusses a future in a totalitarian state where people’s thoughts and behaviors are minutely monitored, interpreted as indicating party alliance or party misalliance and controlled to increase or decrease them depending on the valence. The entire novel was based on a “what if” questions, specifically what if Bitiain had lost the war. Orwell
found himself wondering what Britain might have looked like if it fell under the rule of either one of the totalitarian powers that dominated
the mid 20th century. From that basic question, 1984 was created.